Orwell, George


Orwell, George
(1903-1950)
   George Orwell, the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, where his father, Richard Walmesley Blair, was a civil servant for the British government. After his education at Eton College, he served for five years in the Burma Imperial Police and resigned because of growing dislike of British imperialism, vocalized in his essays Shooting an Elephant (1950) and A Hanging (1931). In 1926 he returned to Europe and, to learn the facts of poverty first-hand, he worked as a dish washer in Paris and as a tramp in England, out of which he wrote Down and Out in Paris and London (1933). By 1933 he was a full-time writer, using his now famous pseudonym, and went on to publish many more novels, essays and poetry. His last two books were Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). He died in London after a long struggle against tuberculosis. Some of his poems: "A Dressed man and a naked man," "As One Non-Combatant to Another," "Ironic Poem About Prostitution," "Oh You Young Men," "On Money," "Poem From Burma," "The Italian Soldier Shook My Hand," "The Lesser Evil."
   Sources: Biography of George Orwell (http://www.online-literature.com/orwell/). Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Everyman's Book of English Verse. John Wain, ed. J.M. Dent, 1981. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Book of Travel Verse. Kevin Crossley-Holland, ed. Oxford University Press, 1986. The Oxford Book of Twentieth-Century English Verse. Philip Larkin, ed. Oxford University Press, 1973. The Oxford Book of War Poetry. Jon Stallworthy, Oxford University Press, 1984. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Orwell, George — orig. Eric Arthur Blair born 1903, Motihari, Bengal, India died Jan. 21, 1950, London, Eng. British novelist, essayist, and critic. Instead of accepting a scholarship to a university, Orwell went to Burma to serve in the Indian Imperial Police… …   Universalium

  • Orwell, George — ► (1903 50) Seudónimo de Eric Blair, ensayista y novelista británico. Inspiraron su adhesión al socialismo las experiencias de su estancia en Eton. Obras: Homenaje a Cataluña (1938); La granja de los animales (1945); 1984 (1949), visión del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Orwell,George — Or·well (ôrʹwĕl , wəl), George. Pen name of Eric Arthur Blair. 1903 1950. British writer whose books attack totalitarianism and reflect his concern with social justice. His works include the novels Animal Farm (1945) and 1984 (1949) and the essay …   Universalium

  • ORWELL, George — (1903 1950)    English author best known for his novels 1984 (1949) and Animal Farm (1945) both of which are strong critiques of TOTALITARIANISM. What is less well known is that 1984 was meant to criticize not a future society but propaganda… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Orwell, George —    (pseudonym of Eric Blair, 1903 1950)    The author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty four, whose first novel, Burmese Days, and essays, such as A Hanging and Shooting an Elephant, reflected his experiences in Burma from 1922 to 1927 as a… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Orwell, George — pseud. di Blair, Eric Arthur …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Orwell — Orwell, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Orwell bibliography — George Orwell bibliography Orwell pictured by the National Union of Journalists in 1933 Releases ↙Books 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Orwell — George Orwell Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blair. George Orwell …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Orwell — Foto que aparece en la acreditación de Orwell para la Branch of the National Union of Journalists (1933). Nombre complet …   Wikipedia Español